IBA Kinosota/Leifur
Alonsa, Manitoba
Site Summary
MB100 Latitude
50.824° N
98.795° W
248 - 269 m
76.46 km²
coniferous forest (temperate), deciduous woods (temperate), native grassland, rivers/streams, freshwater marsh, mud or sand flats (freshwater), arable & cultivated lands, improved pastureland
Land Use:
Agriculture, Nature conservation and research, Fisheries/aquaculture, Forestry, Hunting, Rangeland/pastureland, Tourism/recreation, Urban/industrial/transport
Potential or ongoing Threats:
Arable farming, Disturbance, Deforestation, Extraction industry, Fisheries, Filling in of wetlands, Hunting, Intensified management, Interactions with native species/disease, Introduced species, Other environmental events
IBA Criteria: Nationally Significant: Threatened Species
Conservation status: IBA Conservation Plan written/being written
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Site Description
The Kinosota-Leifur area is located on the west side of Lake Manitoba from Leifur to Kinosota, about 20 km north of the town of Amaranth, and west, beyond the town of Alonsa. The area mainly consists of deciduous woodlands (mostly poplar) interspersed with pastureland and hayland, but it also contains small areas of wetland. The site begins near the Lake Manitoba shoreline where the Kinosota Ridge occurs and continues westward through farmland and woods.
This location is known for its large population of Red-headed Woodpeckers, a species that is generally uncommon or rare in Manitoba and listed as nationally vulnerable by COSEWIC. Each breeding season, at least 100 birds are estimated to be present in the area, which corresponds to 3% or more of the Canadian population. They prefer sparse woodlands and are most commonly observed in the overgrazed pasture areas with large amounts of dead and dying poplar trees. Pileated Woodpeckers are also common here.

IBA Criteria
SpeciesT | A | I Links Date Season Number G C N
Red-headed Woodpecker 1995 - 2018 SU 11 - 100
Note: species shown in bold indicate that the maximum number exceeds at least one of the IBA thresholds (sub-regional, regional or global). The site may still not qualify for that level of IBA if the maximum number reflects an exceptional or historical occurrence.
Conservation Issues
The major threats for this area are the removal of mature poplars and the subsequent conversion of woodland to hayland or cropland. Understorey vegetation may become too overgrown for Red-headed Woodpeckers, a species known to select heavily grazed habitats, as a consequence of removing cattle from traditional grazed woodlots. The Red-headed Woodpeckers also have to compete with non-native cavity nesters such as the European Starling. Conservation measures might include the encouragement of nesting by creating suitable habitat, providing nest boxes, and the removal of European Starlings around selected farmyards.

The IBA Program is an international conservation initiative coordinated by BirdLife International. The Canadian co-partners for the IBA Program are Birds Canada and Nature Canada.
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